Dr. Christine Ruva
Dr. Christine L. Ruva is a Professor of Psychology and associate chair at the Sarasota-Manatee campus. In December 2001, Dr. Ruva obtained her PhD in Psychology from the University of South Florida in the area of Cognitive and Neural Sciences. Dr. Ruva obtained her BA from the University of Tampa. After receiving her BA degree she worked as a probation and parole officer for the state of Florida where she held the position of sex offender specialist.
Broadly construed, Dr. Ruva’s research interests fall in the area of Psychology and Law. More specifically, her research focuses on applying principles of memory, social perception, and group decision-making to the area of jury decision-making. Dr. Ruva has explored the effects of pretrial publicity (media coverage of cases making their way to trial) on jurors’ perceptions, emotions, memories, interpretation of trial evidence, deliberation behavior, and verdicts. Her research also explores how individual differences of jurors and defendants influence jurors’ perceptions, deliberation behaviors, and verdicts. A more recent line of research examines how policy adherence (i.e., registered sex offender policies) influences jurors counterfactual thinking and ultimately their verdicts. In addition, Dr. Ruva’s research explores the effectiveness of remedies available to the courts for reducing juror bias (e.g., deliberation, expert testimony, and voir dire). Finally, her research utilizes both quantitative and qualitative (i.e., content analysis of jury deliberations) methods.
Sarasota Herald-Tribune article focusing on student researchers' work in Dr. Ruva's Psychology and Law Laboratory: http://www.heraldtribune.com/news/20180706/usfsm-internship-program-offers-analyzes-jury-bias
Ruva C. L., & Coy, A. (2020). Your bias is rubbing off on me: The impact of pretrial publicity and jury composition on guilt decisions, trial evidence interpretation, and impression formation. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 26 (1), 22-35. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/law0000220
Hudak, E. M., Edwards, J. D., Andel, R., Lister, J. J., McEvoy, C. L., Ruva, C. L., & Peronto, C. L. (2019). The comparative effects of two cognitive interventions among older adults residing in retirement communities. Journal of Cognitive Enhancement, 3 (4), 349-358, doi: 10.1007/s41465-019-00125-8
Ruva, C.L. (2018). Bias, pretrial publicity, and deliberation. Excited Utterance – Evidence and Proof Podcast. The host of this program is Edward Cheng, Professor of Law at Vanderbilt Law School. https://www.excitedutterancepodcast.com/listen/
Ruva, C. L. (2018). From the headlines to the jury room: An examination of the impact of pretrial publicity on jurors and juries. In M. K. Miller and B. H. Bornstein (Eds.). Advances in Psychology and Law. New York, NY: Springer.
Ruva, C. L., & Guenther, C. C. (2017). Keep your bias to yourself: How deliberating with differently biased others affects mock-jurors’ guilt decisions, perceptions of the defendant, memories, and evidence interpretation. Law and Human Behavior, 41(5), 478-493. doi: 10.1037/lhb0000256
Ruva, C. L. (2016). The impact of pretrial publicity and need for cognition on mock-jurors’ decisions and deliberation behavior. International Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, 6(1): 20-31 doi: 10.5923/j.ijpbs.20160601.04
Ruva, C. L., & Guenther, C. C. (2015). From the shadows into the light: How pretrial publicity and deliberation affect mock jurors’ decisions, impressions, and memory. Law and Human Behavior, 39(3), 294-310. doi: 10.1037/lhb0000117
Ruva, C. L., Dickman, M. C, & Mayes, J. L. (2014). Exposure to both positive and negative pretrial publicity effects juror bias and source memory errors. Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, 4 (1). 30-40 DOI: 10.5923/j.ijpbs.20140401.05
Edwards, J. D., Ruva, C. L., O’Brien, J. L., Haley, C. B., Lister, J. J. (2013). An examination of mediators of the transfer of cognition speed of processing training to everyday functional performance. Psychology and Aging, 28, 314-321. doi: 10.1037/a0030474
Ruva, C. L. & Gagnon, E. (2013). Pretrial publicity and juror age affect juror decision making. Psychology, Crime, & Law. 19, 179-202. DOI: 10.1080/1068316X.2011.616509
Ruva, C. L., Mayes, J. L., Dickman, M.C., & McEvoy, C. (2012). Timing and type of pretrial publicity affect jurors’ decisions, predecisional distortion, and emotion. International Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, 2, 108-119.doi: 10.5923/j.ijpbs.20120204.06
Ruva, C. L., Guenther, C. C., & Yarbrough, A (2011). Deciphering the effects of positive and negative ptp: examining the roles of impression formation, emotion and predecisional distortion. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 38, 511-534, DOI: 10.1177/0093854811400823
Ruva, C.L. (2011). Pretrial publicity affects jury decision making. In Carla E. Wilhelm (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Cognitive Psychology. Nova Science Publishers: Hauppauge, NY.
Ruva, C. L. & LeVasseur, M. A. (2011). Behind closed doors: The effect of pretrial publicity on jury deliberations. Psychology, Crime and Law, DOI: 10.1080/1068316X.2010.502120
Ruva, C.L. (2010). How Pretrial publicity affects jury decision making. Nova Science Publishers: Hauppauge, NY.
Ruva, C.L. (2010). Pretrial publicity affects jury decision making. In F. Columbus (Ed.) Perspectives on cognitive psychology. Nova Science Publishers: Hauppauge, NY.
Ruva, C. L. & McEvoy, C. (2008). Negative and positive pretrial publicity affect juror memory and decision making. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 14, 226-235. DOI: 10.1037/1076-898X.14.3.226
Ruva, C. L., McEvoy, C., & Bryant, J. B. (2007). Effects of pretrial publicity and collaboration on juror bias and source monitoring errors. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 21, 45-67. doi: 10.1002/acp.1254.
Ruva, C. L. & Bryant, J. B. (2004). The impact of age, speech style, and question form on perceptions of witness credibility and trial outcome. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 34, 1919-1944. DOI: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2004.tb02593.x